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RSHE at Avenue (Relationships)

Relationship, Sex and Health Education (RSHE)
at Avenue Primary School


Puberty, Menstruation and Reproduction

At Avenue Primary School we understand that Sex and Relationship Education is a sensitive subject and everyone as their own opinion.


According to the Secretary of State’s guidance on SRE (DfEE, 2000),

  • Primary Schools 'should ensure that both boys and girls know about puberty and how a baby is born' (1.12)
  • ‘All children, including those who develop earlier than average, need to know about puberty before they experience the onset of physical changes’ (1.13)

The same document states:

'It is important that the transition phase before moving to secondary school supports pupils’ ongoing emotional and physical development effectively. The Department continues to recommend therefore that all primary schools should have a sex education programme tailored to the age and the physical and emotional maturity of the pupils.’ 


‘The onset of menstruation can be confusing or even alarming for girls if they are not prepared. Pupils should be taught key facts about the menstrual cycle including what is an average period, range of menstrual products and the implications for emotional and physical health.’ (DfE RSHE Guidance 2019)
Many girls are beginning their menstrual cycle in Year 5 and this can be confusing, bringing about many questions and concerns from girls, as well as boys. Because of this, we introduce sex education to children in year 5, when the children can learn about puberty and changes when growing up, as well as discussing how a baby is conceived and born. This content is then re-visited in year 6 and extended to look at relationships and emotions in more depth.



How do we deliver this content at Avenue Primary?


What is Sex and Relationships Education?

Sex and Relationship Education is lifelong learning about physical, sexual, moral and emotional development. It is about the understanding of the importance of stable and loving relationships, respect, love and care for family life. It involves acquiring information, developing skills and forming positive beliefs, values and attitudes


Faith and Cultural Perspective in RSHE

The school believes that all young people from all faiths and cultures in the school have an entitlement to RSHE that can support them on their journey through childhood to adolescence and adulthood. RSHE will be sensitive to the range of different faiths in the school and parents will be given the opportunity to learn more about how we deliver the content through this webpage and in a parents meeting at school.


Right to Withdraw
You have the right to withdraw your child from content delivered as part of our RSHE Curriculum. If you choose to opt out, your children will be removed from the lesson where the children discuss how a baby is conceived and born. Please inform the Headteacher in writing before the date of the lesson if you wish to opt out.





All children, including those who develop earlier than the average, need to know about puberty before they experience the onset of physical changes. This will include addressing emotional and physical changes and how young people can deal with these. It is important for boys and girls to understand the changes for their own sex, and for the opposite one. Teachers will need to tailor this theme to the physical and emotional maturity of the pupils.



Our RSHE programme is preparation for menstruation. Boys as well as girls will need to understand menstruation. It may be appropriate to divide the classes into single sex groups for these lessons. Teachers will need to tailor this theme to the physical and emotional maturity of the pupils. Girls will be supported sensitively by the school and will be told who they can go to for this support.

When discussing puberty and menstruation as a class, the children naturally lead on to questions about reproduction. If these questions are left unanswered, there is a risk that the children may seek the answers themselves from unreliable sources (e.g. the internet or siblings) or begin sharing hearsay with their peers. Therefore, we discuss Puberty, Menstruation and Reproduction at the same time so that the knowledge they gain is based on facts and discussed in a safe environment. Children in year 5 commonly begin their menstruation cycle and at Avenue Primary School we cover all these topics in year 5.

SRE in Year 5
SRE in Year 6
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